Sustainable Seafood  
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Around the world, many traditional fisheries are threatened with collapse, due to unsustainable fishing practises and habitat destruction.

Some fisheries, however, remain healthy and productive due to succesful management, responsible harvesting and advances in contained fish farming.

You can help support sustainable fisheries with the choices you make at the restaurant or the seafood counter.


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The Sustainable Seafood Guide has been developed with consideration given to the following:
900,000 - Metric tons of wasted fish - 28% of the annual catch - that gets tossed overboard because they are not the desired species.

4 kilograms - of 'bycatch' discarded by Gulf Coast shrimpers for each kilo of shrimp kept.

Source: USA Today
Excalibur Food Dehydrator

All-American Pressure Cookers

Skoy CLoths

Compost Keepers

Convection Ovens

Electric Multicooker

  status of wild populations - native stocks should be abundant enough to sustain fisheries.
fishing method - hook and line, for example, is preferred to trawling; on-shore fish farming is safer than net pens in the open water; string and rack shellfish farming is preferred to ground culture.
bycatch - wasted catch of fish other than the target species.
impact on natural habitat - spawning grounds, sea bottom, kelp beds require protection.
management initiatives - which increase the odds of fisheries remaining sustainable.

............Sustainable Seafood Guide............
  Better Choices

Alaska King Crab
Arctic Char
Catfish (farmed)
Crab: Blue, Dungeness, King

Halibut (Pacific)

Herring (Atlantic)
Mackerel: Atlantic, Spanish
Mussels (Black, Green-lipped)
Octopus (Pacific)
Oysters (farmed)
Pacific Black Cod (sablefish)
Pacific Cod (pot or jig caught)
Pollack (Alaska)
Prawns (trap-caught, Pacific)
Rock Lobster (Australian)
Sablefish/Black Cod (Alaska)
Salmon (Wild Alaskan)
Salmon, Sockeye (Canada)
Salmon, Coho (freshwater)
Sardines (wild, Pacific)
Scallops (Bay - farmed)
Shrimp (US farmed)
Squid (Pacific)
Striped Bass (hybrid)
Sturgeon (farmed)
Tilapia (US, Canada, Ecuador farmed)
Tuna: Pacific Albacore
Uni (sea urchin)

Moderate Risk

Flounder: "Summer Flounder" Fluke

Lobster (Atlantic)
Mahi Mahi or Dorado
Octopus (Atlantic)
Prawns (US farmed or wild)
Rainbow Trout (farmed)
Salmon, Chinook (wild from WA, OR, BC Canada)
Scallops (Sea, Bay wild)
Shrimp (domestic, trawl-caught)
Snow Crab
Sole (Pacific)
Squid (Atlantic)
Swordfish (Pacific)
Tuna: Yellowfin or skipjack

Best to Avoid

Atlantic Cod
Caviar (wild sturgeon)
Catfish (imported)
Haddock (Atlantic)
Halibut (Atlantic)

Hoki (Atlantic, New Zealand)

King Crab (Russia)
Orange Roughy
Pacific Rockfish (Rock Cod)
Pollack (Atlantic)
Prawns (imported, tiger)

Red Snapper
Salmon (farmed worldwide)
Seabass: Chilean
Shark: all species
Shrimp (imported)
Sturgeon (wild)
Swordfish (Atlantic)
Tilapia (China farmed)
Tuna: Bluefin
Yellowtail Flounder
Information Sources:

UN Food and Agricultural Organization
Marine Stewardship Council
Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch® Program


~ Try to choose shellfish grown on farms using racks, lines or nets which are suspended in the water. These methods minimize damage to bottom habitat during harvesting.

~ Striped Bass, a well-managed Atlantic coast species, can be used as a substitute for some depleted species, such as Black Sea Bass, Rock Cod, Red Snapper, Grouper and Roughy.

~ Farmed Crawfish make an excellent substitute for Lobster, which, although plentiful are often harvested at minimum size - before having a chance at reproduction.

~ Seafoods can be contaminated with mercury, PCB's and other pollutants. Contaminants are mostly stored in fatty tissue, so grilling and broiling when cooking fish is recommended to allow fats and juices to drain away. Deep-frying can seal in toxins which may be stored in fat. In general, cooking fish, as opposed to easting it raw, can reduce contaminant levels by about 30%.

~ Ask your local seafood dealer or restauranteur about the source and catch-method of your seafood choices. Consumer concern is the best promoter of sustainable fisheries.

Balloons, Six-Pack Rings, Fishing Line

Plastic trash can injure and kill marine animals in our waters and along our shores. Plastic six-pack rings and discarded fishing line can entrap or strangle fish and waterfowl. Marine animals and seabirds can also mistake plastics for real food, ingest them and die.

Don't release balloons into the air; they'll just end up as trash on the ground or in the water, where they are mistaken as food by fish, birds and sea mammals.

Sea turtles, for example, can mistake balloons and plastic bags for jellyfish, a favorite food. For more information, call:
Virginia Institute for Marine Science/Sea Grant Program at (804) 642-7171.

Online Sources - where to find sustainably harvested seafood online:
Vital Choice Seafood
Alaska Catch
Pelican Packers


Alaska Wild Salmon Co.
Pacific Albacore
Excalibur Food Dehydrators All-American Pressure Cookers Skoy Cloths Convection Ovens Mulyi Cookers