many traditional fisheries are threatened with collapse, due to unsustainable
fishing practises and habitat destruction.
Sustainable Seafood Guide
has been developed with consideration given to the following:
900,000 - Metric tons of wasted fish - 28% of the annual catch - that gets tossed overboard because they are not the desired species.
4 kilograms - of 'bycatch' discarded by Gulf Coast shrimpers for each kilo of shrimp kept.
Source: USA Today
of wild populations
- native stocks should be abundant enough to sustain fisheries.
fishing method - hook and line, for example, is preferred to trawling; on-shore fish farming is safer than net pens in the open water; string and rack shellfish farming is preferred to ground culture.
bycatch - wasted catch of fish other than the target species.
impact on natural habitat - spawning grounds, sea bottom, kelp beds require protection.
management initiatives - which increase the odds of fisheries remaining sustainable.
............Sustainable Seafood Guide............
Alaska King Crab
Flounder: "Summer Flounder"
|Best to Avoid
Caviar (wild sturgeon)
Hoki (Atlantic, New Zealand)
King Crab (Russia)
Pacific Rockfish (Rock Cod)
Prawns (imported, tiger)
Salmon (farmed worldwide)
Shark: all species
Tilapia (China farmed)
National Marine Fisheries Service
UN Food and Agricultural Organization
Institute for Fisheries Resources
|Audubon's Seafood Guide
Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch
Marine Stewardship Council
Try to choose shellfish grown on farms using racks,
lines or nets which are suspended in the water. These methods minimize
damage to bottom habitat during harvesting.
Six-Pack Rings, Fishing Line
Plastic trash can injure and kill marine animals in our waters and along our shores. Plastic six-pack rings and discarded fishing line can entrap or strangle fish and waterfowl. Marine animals and seabirds can also mistake plastics for real food, ingest them and die.
Don't release balloons into the air; they'll just end up as trash on the ground or in the water, where they are mistaken as food by fish, birds and sea mammals.
Sea turtles, for example, can mistake balloons and plastic bags for jellyfish, a favorite food. For more information, call:
Virginia Institute for Marine Science/Sea Grant Program at (804) 642-7171.
where to find sustainably harvested seafood online:
Vital Choice Seafood
Alaska WIld Salmon Co.
Mary Lu Seafood